The earth is in a constant state of flux, but general trends point toward climate changes with adverse outcomes. Whether you look at the sea level, the chemical makeup of the atmosphere, or the temperature of the globe, things are changing, and not for the better. Luckily, many top scientists are developing and implementing incredible technology to combat these risks. Here are the top technologies fighting against climate change.
Renewable Energy Devices
Many traditional electricity generation methods require the continuous burning of fossil fuels to turn turbines for energy. Though this is an effective method, it’s not a sustainable one. That’s why renewable energy has increasingly become a more significant part of the energy sector. From hydroelectricity to solar and wind power, there are numerous ways to harness the elements around us.
Wind turbines are massive devices that capture the power of the wind. You can typically find these towering structures on expansive wind farms on great plains or in the middle of the ocean. Hundreds of feet tall, these behemoths must reach toward the sky to reach enough high-powered wind. This wind moves the turbines and generates electricity mechanically.
Hydroelectricity is another excellent source of renewable energy. During construction, engineers outfit dams and reservoirs with hydroelectric capabilities. The gravitational pull of the water through the mechanisms generates electricity while simultaneously meting out water at appropriate intervals.
The sun is another great energy source that will continue to shine, burn, and heat for thousands and thousands of years to come. Photovoltaic energy sources harness the energy of solar photons and enable atomic interactions to move electrons, thus creating electricity. You can find solar panels everywhere, from residential homes to solar farms.
While many think of natural heat coming from the sun above, the earth below actually generates an incredible amount of heat—think about volcanoes. Geothermal energy is a relatively niche but entirely renewable energy source. Several industries utilize geothermal heat pumps to heat or cool buildings through a specialized vapor-compression system.
While many technologies work against climate change, others monitor it. Climate scientists deploy buoys in the ocean equipped with thermometers, rain gauges, and other tech. These devices measure air and sea surface temperatures, precipitation levels, ocean chemistry, sea ice volume, and ocean current patterns. They even deploy satellites into space, where they can examine solar radiation at different latitudes and seasons.
Closer to home, regulations require industrial facilities to use gas chromatographs in their smokestacks. While chromatography has many applications in environmental analysis, this is perhaps the most important. Gas chromatography enables technicians to monitor the exact chemical makeup of the air they release into the atmosphere.
Knowing about the top technologies fighting against climate change can give everyone a sense of hope as they look to the future. Though there is undoubtedly a large amount of work left to do and many people to convince, researchers’ and engineers’ concerted efforts should serve as a model for future action.