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IBM Reports 2019 First-Quarter Results

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ARMONK, N.Y.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–lt;a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%24ibm&src=ctag" target="_blank"gt;$ibmlt;/agt; lt;a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/ibm?src=hash" target="_blank"gt;#ibmlt;/agt;–IBM (NYSE: IBM) today announced first-quarter results.

Acceleration in Cloud Revenue Growth; Continued Margin Expansion

Highlights

First Quarter:

  • GAAP EPS from continuing operations of $1.78
  • Operating (non-GAAP) EPS of $2.25
  • Revenue of $18.2 billion, down 4.7 percent (down 0.9 percent adjusting
    for currency)
  • Cloud revenue growth accelerated in the quarter; now $19.5 billion
    over the last 12 months, up 10 percent (up 12 percent adjusting for
    currency)
  • As-a-service annual exit run rate for cloud revenue of $11.7 billion,
    up 10 percent year to year (up 15 percent adjusting for currency)
  • Gross profit margin: GAAP, up 100 basis points; Operating (non-GAAP),
    up 90 basis points

    — GBS gross profit margin up 280 basis
    points; GTS up 110 basis points

  • Pre-tax income margin: GAAP, up 440 basis points; Operating
    (non-GAAP), up 320 basis points
  • Maintains full-year EPS and free cash flow expectations

“In the first quarter, our cloud revenue growth accelerated, and we
again grew in key, high-value areas in Cloud and Cognitive Software and
in consulting,” said Ginni Rometty, IBM chairman, president and chief
executive officer. “IBM’s investments in innovative technologies coupled
with our industry expertise and our commitment to trust and security
position us well to help clients move to chapter two of their digital
reinvention.”

         
FIRST QUARTER 2019
 
 
Pre-tax Gross
Diluted Net Pre-tax Income Profit
EPS   Income   Income   Margin   Margin
 
GAAP from Continuing Operations $1.78 $1.6B $1.9B 10.4% 44.2%
Year/Year   -2%   -5%   66%   4.4Pts   1.0Pts
 
Operating (Non-GAAP) $2.25 $2.0B $2.2B 12.3% 44.7%
Year/Year   -8%   -12%   28%   3.2Pts   0.9Pts
 

“Our results reflect the fundamental changes we have made to our
business, allowing us to generate greater operating leverage. In the
first quarter, we significantly expanded profit margins, led by our
services businesses,” said James Kavanaugh, IBM senior vice president
and chief financial officer. “Our focus on prioritizing our investments
in the emerging high-value segments of our industry has enabled us to
drive higher profitability and strong cash generation.”

Cash Flow and Balance Sheet

In the first quarter, the company generated net cash from operating
activities of $4.8 billion, or $2.3 billion, excluding Global Financing
receivables. IBM’s free cash flow was $1.7 billion. IBM returned $2.3
billion to shareholders through $1.4 billion in dividends and $0.9
billion in gross share repurchases. At the end of March 2019, IBM had
$2.4 billion remaining in the current share repurchase authorization.

IBM ended the first quarter with $18.1 billion of cash on hand. Debt
totaled $50.0 billion, including Global Financing debt of $29.5 billion.
The balance sheet remains strong and is well positioned for the long
term.

Segment Results for First Quarter

  • Cloud & Cognitive Software (includes cloud and data platforms,
    cognitive applications and transaction processing platforms) —

    revenues of $5.0 billion, down 2 percent (up 2 percent adjusting for
    currency), led by cognitive applications, up 2 percent (up 4 percent
    adjusting for currency), and by cloud and data platforms, down 2
    percent (up 2 percent adjusting for currency).
  • Global Business Services (includes consulting, application
    management and global process services) —
    revenues of $4.1
    billion, flat year to year (up 4 percent adjusting for currency), with
    growth in consulting and global process services. Gross profit margin
    increased 280 basis points.
  • Global Technology Services (includes infrastructure and
    cloud services and technology support services) —
    revenues of
    $6.9 billion, down 7 percent (down 3 percent adjusting for currency),
    with growth in hybrid cloud revenue. Gross profit margin increased 110
    basis points.
  • Systems (includes systems hardware and operating systems software)
    revenues of $1.3 billion, down 11 percent (down 9 percent
    adjusting for currency), with growth in Power, offset by the impact of
    the IBM Z product cycle dynamics and weakness in Storage.
  • Global Financing (includes financing and used equipment sales) —
    revenues of $406 million, flat year to year (up 4 percent adjusting
    for currency).

Full-Year 2019 Expectations

The company continues to expect GAAP diluted earnings per share of at
least $12.45, and operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings per share of at
least $13.90. Operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings per share exclude
$1.45 per share of charges for: amortization of purchased intangible
assets and other acquisition-related charges, including pre-closing
charges, such as financing costs, associated with the Red Hat
acquisition; retirement-related charges; and tax reform enactment
impacts.

IBM continues to expect free cash flow of approximately $12 billion,
with a realization rate of approximately 100 percent of GAAP Net Income.

Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements

Except for the historical information and discussions contained herein,
statements contained in this release may constitute forward-looking
statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation
Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are based on the
company’s current assumptions regarding future business and financial
performance. These statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties
and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially,
including the following: a downturn in economic environment and client
spending budgets; the company’s failure to meet growth and productivity
objectives; a failure of the company’s innovation initiatives; damage to
the company’s reputation; risks from investing in growth opportunities;
failure of the company’s intellectual property portfolio to prevent
competitive offerings and the failure of the company to obtain necessary
licenses; cybersecurity and data privacy considerations; fluctuations in
financial results, impact of local legal, economic, political and health
conditions; adverse effects from environmental matters, tax matters and
the company’s pension plans; ineffective internal controls; the
company’s use of accounting estimates; the company’s ability to attract
and retain key employees and its reliance on critical skills; impacts of
relationships with critical suppliers; product quality issues; impacts
of business with government clients; currency fluctuations and customer
financing risks; impact of changes in market liquidity conditions and
customer credit risk on receivables; reliance on third party
distribution channels and ecosystems; the company’s ability to
successfully manage acquisitions, alliances and dispositions, including
integration challenges, failure to achieve objectives, the assumption of
liabilities, and higher debt levels; legal proceedings and investigatory
risks; risk factors related to IBM securities; and other risks,
uncertainties and factors discussed in the company’s Form 10-Qs,
Form 10-K and in the company’s other filings with the U.S. Securities
and Exchange Commission (SEC) or in materials incorporated therein by
reference. Any forward-looking statement in this release speaks only as
of the date on which it is made. The company assumes no obligation to
update or revise any forward-looking statements.

Presentation of Information in this Press Release

In an effort to provide investors with additional information regarding
the company’s results as determined by generally accepted accounting
principles (GAAP), the company has also disclosed in this press release
the following non-GAAP information, which management believes provides
useful information to investors:

IBM results —

  • presenting operating (non-GAAP) earnings per share amounts and related
    income statement items;
  • adjusting for free cash flow;
  • adjusting for currency (i.e., at constant currency).

Free cash flow guidance is derived using an estimate of profit, working
capital and operational cash outflows. The company views Global
Financing receivables as a profit-generating investment, which it seeks
to maximize and therefore it is not considered when formulating guidance
for free cash flow. As a result, the company does not estimate a GAAP
Net Cash from Operations expectation metric.

The rationale for management’s use of these non-GAAP measures is
included in Exhibit 99.2 in the Form 8-K that includes this press
release and is being submitted today to the SEC.

Conference Call and Webcast

IBM’s regular quarterly earnings conference call is scheduled to begin
at 5:00 p.m. EDT, today. The Webcast may be accessed via a link at http://www.ibm.com/investor/events/earnings/1q19.html.
Presentation charts will be available shortly before the Webcast.

Financial Results Below (certain amounts may not add due to use
of rounded numbers; percentages presented are calculated from the
underlying whole-dollar amounts).

 
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
COMPARATIVE FINANCIAL RESULTS
(Unaudited; Dollars in millions except per share amounts)
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019   2018
 
REVENUE
Cloud & Cognitive Software $5,037 $5,116 *
Global Business Services 4,119 4,115 *
Global Technology Services 6,875 7,421 *
Systems 1,328 1,500
Global Financing 406 405
Other 417   515 *
TOTAL REVENUE 18,182 19,072
 
GROSS PROFIT 8,043 8,247
 
GROSS PROFIT MARGIN
Cloud & Cognitive Software 75.1% 76.3% *
Global Business Services 26.2% 23.4% *
Global Technology Services 33.7% 32.6% *
Systems 46.2% 43.7%
Global Financing 34.9% 34.4%
 
TOTAL GROSS PROFIT MARGIN 44.2% 43.2%
 
 
EXPENSE AND OTHER INCOME
S,G&A 4,691 5,445
 
R,D&E 1,433 1,405
 
Intellectual property and
custom development income (101) (317)
 
Other (income) and expense (73) 413
 
Interest expense 210   165
TOTAL EXPENSE AND OTHER INCOME 6,160 7,111
 
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
BEFORE INCOME TAXES 1,883 1,136
Pre-tax margin 10.4% 6.0%
 
Provision for (Benefit from) income taxes 289 (540)
Effective tax rate 15.4% (47.5)%
 
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS $1,593 $1,675
 
DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
Income/(Loss) from discontinued operations, net of taxes (2)   4
 
NET INCOME $1,591   $1,679
 
 
EARNINGS / (LOSS) PER SHARE OF COMMON STOCK
Assuming Dilution
Continuing Operations $1.78 $1.81
Discontinued Operations $0.00   $0.00
TOTAL $1.78   $1.81
 
Basic
Continuing Operations $1.79 $1.82
Discontinued Operations $0.00   $0.00
TOTAL $1.79   $1.82
 
WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES
OUTSTANDING (M’s)
Assuming Dilution 893.9 925.4
Basic 889.6 920.7
 
 
* Recast to conform with 2019 presentation.
 
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(Unaudited)
  At   At
(Dollars in Millions) March 31, December 31,
2019 2018
ASSETS:
 
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $17,134 $11,379
Restricted cash 137 225
Marketable securities 872 618
Notes and accounts receivable – trade, net 6,987 7,432
Short-term financing receivables, net 20,287 22,388
Other accounts receivable, net 671 743
Inventory 1,771 1,682
Deferred Costs 2,368 2,300
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 2,478 2,378
Total Current Assets 52,705 49,146
 
Property, plant and equipment, net 10,675 10,792
Operating right-of-use assets, net * 4,634
Long-term financing receivables, net 8,361 9,148
Prepaid pension assets 4,966 4,666
Deferred costs 2,663 2,676
Deferred taxes 5,284 5,216
Goodwill and intangibles, net 39,237 39,353
Investments and sundry assets 2,403 2,386
Total Assets $130,926 $123,382
 
 
LIABILITIES:
 
Current Liabilities:
Taxes $2,484 $3,046
Short-term debt 10,250 10,207
Accounts payable 5,711 6,558
Deferred income 12,134 11,165
Operating lease liabilities * 1,313
Other liabilities 6,979 7,251
Total Current Liabilities 38,871 38,227
 
Long-term debt 39,727 35,605
Retirement related obligations 16,467 17,002
Deferred income 3,481 3,445
Operating lease liabilities * 3,590
Other liabilities 12,184 12,174
Total Liabilities 114,320 106,452
 
 
EQUITY:
 
IBM Stockholders’ Equity:
Common stock 55,287 55,151
Retained earnings 159,396 159,206
Treasury stock — at cost (169,021) (168,071)
Accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) (29,182) (29,490)
Total IBM Stockholders’ Equity 16,481 16,796
 
Noncontrolling interests 126 134
Total Equity 16,607 16,929
Total Liabilities and Equity $130,926 $123,382
 
* Reflects the adoption of the FASB guidance on leases.
 
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
CASH FLOW ANALYSIS
(Unaudited)
   
Three Months Ended
(Dollars in Millions) March 31,
 
2019 2018
 
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities per GAAP: $4,759 $4,602
 
 
Less: change in Global Financing (GF) Receivables 2,458 2,360
Capital Expenditures, Net (614) (893)
 
Free Cash Flow 1,688 1,349
 
Acquisitions (1) (71)
Divestitures 33
Dividends (1,397) (1,382)
Share Repurchase (920) (777)
Non-GF Debt 5,890 (547)
Other (includes GF Net Receivables and GF Debt) 629 1,741
 
Change in Cash, Cash Equivalents, Restricted Cash
and Short-term Marketable Securities $5,922 $313
 
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
CASH FLOW
(Unaudited)
     
Three Months Ended
(Dollars in Millions) March 31,
 
2019 2018
 
Net Income from Operations $1,591 $1,679
Depreciation/Amortization of Intangibles 1,446 1,114
Stock-based Compensation 113 116
Working Capital / Other (848) (668)
Global Financing A/R 2,458 2,360
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities $4,759 $4,602
Capital Expenditures, net of payments & proceeds (614) (893)
Divestitures, net of cash transferred 33
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (1) (71)
Marketable Securities / Other Investments, net (271) (800)
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities ($853) ($1,764)
Debt, net of payments & proceeds 4,232 (713)
Dividends (1,397) (1,382)
Common Stock Repurchases (920) (777)
Common Stock Transactions – Other (51) (37)
Net Cash (Used in) / Provided by Financing Activities $1,863 ($2,909)
Effect of Exchange Rate changes on Cash (102) 100
Net Change in Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash $5,668 $28
 
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
SEGMENT DATA
(Unaudited)
         

FIRST – QUARTER 2019

Cloud & Global Global
(Dollars in Millions) Cognitive Business Technology Global
Software   Services   Services   Systems   Financing
Revenue
External $5,037 $4,119 $6,875 $1,328 $406
Internal 841   74   290   163   300
Total Segment Revenue $5,879 $4,193 $7,164 $1,491 $706
 
Pre-tax Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations 1,767 315 275 (202) 288
 
Pre-tax margin 30.1% 7.5% 3.8% (13.5)% 40.8%
 
 
Change YTY Revenue – External (1.5)% 0.1% (7.4)% (11.4)% 0.2%
Change YTY Revenue – External @constant currency 1.5% 4.3% (3.0)% (8.8)% 3.9%
 
 
 
 

FIRST – QUARTER 2018

Cloud & Global Global
(Dollars in Millions) Cognitive Business Technology Global
Software *   Services *   Services *   Systems   Financing
Revenue
External $5,116 $4,115 $7,421 $1,500 $405
Internal 931   89   141   153   429
Total Segment Revenue $6,047 $4,204 $7,562 $1,653 $834
 
Pre-tax Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations 1,680 125 66 (203) 377
 
Pre-tax margin 27.8% 3.0% 0.9% (12.3)% 45.1%
 
* Recast to conform with 2019 presentation.
 
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
U.S. GAAP TO OPERATING (Non-GAAP) RESULTS RECONCILIATION
(Unaudited; Dollars in millions except per share amounts)
 
FIRST – QUARTER 2019
CONTINUING OPERATIONS
  Acquisition-   Retirement-   Tax  
Related Related Reform Operating
GAAP   Adjustments*   Adjustments**   Impacts   (Non-GAAP)
 
Gross Profit $8,043 $76 $8,119
 
Gross Profit Margin 44.2% 0.4Pts 44.7%
 
S,G&A 4,691 (124) 4,566
 
R,D&E 1,433 1,433
 
Other (Income) & Expense (73) 23 (138) (187)
 
Interest Expense 210 (36) 174
 
Total Expense & Other (Income) 6,160 (137) (138) 5,886
 
Pre-tax Income from Continuing Operations 1,883 212 138 2,233
 
Pre-tax Income Margin from Continuing Operations 10.4% 1.2Pts 0.8Pts 12.3%
 
Provision for Income Taxes*** 289 49 26 (141) 224
 
Effective Tax Rate 15.4% 0.7Pts 0.2Pts (6.3)Pts 10.0%
 
Income from Continuing Operations 1,593 164 111 141 2,009
 
Income Margin from Continuing Operations 8.8% 0.9Pts 0.6Pts 0.8Pts 11.0%
 
Diluted Earnings / (Loss) Per Share: Continuing Operations $1.78 $0.18 $0.13 $0.16 $2.25
 
 
FIRST – QUARTER 2018
CONTINUING OPERATIONS
Acquisition- Retirement- Tax
Related Related Reform Operating
GAAP   Adjustments*   Adjustments **   Impacts   (Non-GAAP)
 
Gross Profit $8,247 $93 $8,340
 
Gross Profit Margin 43.2% 0.5Pts 43.7%
 
S,G&A 5,445 (110) 5,335
 
R,D&E 1,405 1,405
 
Other (Income) & Expense 413 (402) 11
 
Interest Expense 165 165
 
Total Expense & Other (Income) 7,111 (110) (402) 6,600
 
Pre-tax Income from Continuing Operations 1,136 203 402 1,740
 
Pre-tax Income Margin from Continuing Operations 6.0% 1.1Pts 2.1Pts 9.1%
 
Provision for (Benefit from) Income Taxes*** (540) 39 76 (107) (532)
 
Effective Tax Rate (47.5)% 7.8Pts 15.4Pts (6.1)Pts (30.5)%
 
Income from Continuing Operations 1,675 164 325 107 2,272
 
Income Margin from Continuing Operations 8.8% 0.9Pts 1.7Pts 0.6Pts 11.9%
 
Diluted Earnings / (Loss) Per Share: Continuing Operations $1.81 $0.17 $0.35 $0.12 $2.45
 

* Includes amortization of purchased intangible assets, in
process R&D, transaction costs, applicable restructuring and
related expenses, tax charges related to acquisition integration
and pre-closing charges, such as financing costs.

** Includes amortization of prior service costs, interest cost,
expected return on plan assets, amortized actuarial gains/losses,
the impacts of any plan curtailments/settlements and pension
insolvency costs and other costs.

*** Tax impact on operating (non-GAAP) pre-tax income from
continuing operations is calculated under the same accounting
principles applied to the As Reported pre-tax income under ASC
740, which employs an annual effective tax rate method to the
results.

 
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF OPERATING EARNINGS PER SHARE
(Unaudited)
 
2019

EPS Guidance

Expectations
 
GAAP Diluted EPS at least $12.45
 
Operating EPS (non-GAAP) at least $13.90
 
 
 
Adjustments
 
Acquisition-related Charges * $0.76
 
Non-Operating Retirement-Related Items $0.45
 
Tax Reform Enactment Impacts $0.24
 

* Includes acquisitions as of March 31, 2019, and pre-closing
charges, such as financing costs, associated with the Red Hat
acquisition

 

Contacts

IBM
Melinda Zurich, 914-499-4034
melinda.zurich@us.ibm.com

John
Bukovinsky, 732-618-3531
jbuko@us.ibm.com

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