This is part three in a continuing series of “Seven Steps to incredible Pictures”
There are several Golden Rules in life as well as photography. Here are several that most always will help your images look better.
- Rule of Thirds
- Horizon Lines
- Golden Ratio
- Golden Spiral
1. Rule of Thirds
One of the easiest to apply is rule of thirds. Take a scene and divide it into tree equal parts. Both horizontally and vertically. These lines and especially the intersection of these line become ??????points of impact?????? or ??????centers of interest?????? for placing your subject on. Try to place your subject along one of the imaginary lines or even better at their intersection that divides your frame.
(See Image #1)
2. Horizon Lines
Watch the horizon lines. Just as an off-center subject is usually best, so is an off-center???????and straight???????horizon line. Avoid cutting your picture in half by placing the horizon in the middle of the picture. To accent spaciousness, keep the horizon low in the picture. To suggest closeness, position the horizon high in your picture.
Also watch where the horizon intersects your subject. As in (Image #2) the horizon line intersected the subjects head and created a distraction. By moving the camera angle to avoid the horizon line made it easier to view the subject.
3. The Golden Ratio
Also on the picture shown is the Golden Spiral. Rather than the static thirds this spiral traces out a dynamic path for the eye to move through the picture, finishing on one of the hot-spots. Does your eye get led into the picture along the spiral? In this case the line between the sand and dunes forms the line, but more conventionally it could be a road, track, fence or wall.
(See Images #3)
How to Enhancing Your Subject Matter
1. Leading Line
Lines are wonderful elements in a photograph. They draw the viewer????????s eye through the image from one spot to the next, sometimes all the way around and sometimes in one direction. Keep these lines simple, and don????????t make them take attention away from the intended subject.
(See Images #4)
2. Use Diagonal vs. Vertical/Horizontals
You can use diagonals as leading lines to provide a way into the picture. It????????s a simple and easy path for the eye to follow to the main subject.
(See Images #4)
The use of vertical and horizontals command attention and sometimes can be static. To create a little movement try to use diagonals.
(See Images #5)
3. Look for backgrounds with Repetition of Pattern
Find a scene with multiple line or patterns. Then introduce your subject matter into the pattern. By having your subject brakes up the pattern or lines and your it creates contrast and is more noticeable and thus becomes more important.
(See Images #6)
4. “S” Curves
One of the most common and graceful lines used in composition is called the S curve. They seem to help the image become less static and provides movement for the viewer and leads their eye through the image.
(See Images #7)
5. Simplify your background
Select an uncomplicated background that does not compete with your subject. Bright colors and text (for example, store signs) create the biggest problems. Be especially aware of what is behind your subject in a portrait so that branches don????????t accidentally become antlers.
Indoors or outdoors, a plain background will focus attention on your subject instead of a dozen other things. Indoors, avoid distracting furniture, toys, patterned wallpaper, and bright lamps. Outdoors, don????????t let tree limbs, utility poles, wires, signs, and other people distract attention from your center of interest.
(See Images #8)
I heard it once said, ??????If your subject is not interesting enough… MOVE IN!
Although you know what your subject is, it can be hard for a viewer to determine your intent if too many elements in your picture make it confusing. Eliminate all unimportant elements by moving closer, zooming in, or choosing a different shooting angle.
(See Images #8)
Tune-in later for our final and concluding segment on 7 steps to great images…